Pucelle, Jean

(c. 1300-1355)
   French manuscript illuminator who introduced Italianate elements into his works. His illuminations owe debt to the art of Duccio, especially in the treatment of space, and this he combined with the elegance of the French court. His is the use of varying tonal values to add volume to his draperies. Pucelle is among the first in France to view the elements of each page, including the illustration, text, and borders, as a whole rather than a set of distinctive components. His works therefore possess a harmony of design never before seen in French illuminations. His Belleville Breviary (1323-1326; Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Ms. Lat. 10483) includes these features. The page depicting David before Saul (fol. 24v), for example, presents the characters enclosed in a Duccio-like architectural setting that shows his attempt at perspective. The drolleries on the margins, composed of plants, birds, insects, and figures, enrich the aesthetic appeal of the page. In this same breviary, Pucelle illuminated the calendar pages with landscapes fit for each season. So, for example, the month of January features bare trees, heavy rain in February, and so on, showing his interest in studying nature and its phenomena. His Book of Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux (1325-1328, New York, The Cloisters), queen of France, is executed in grisaille with only a few added touches of color in tempera. The manuscript includes scenes of the infancy and Passion of Christ, as well as episodes from the life of St. Louis. Along the margins are beggars, musicians, dancers, and other characters found in the streets of medieval France, as well as animals, attesting to Pucelle's keen observation of his surroundings and desire to replicate on the page these details of everyday life.
   See also Illuminated manuscript.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pucelle, Jean — born 1300? died 1355? French manuscript illuminator. Little is known of his background, but his large workshop dominated Parisian painting in the early 14th century, when he enjoyed court patronage and his work commanded high prices. His most… …   Universalium

  • Pucelle, Jean — (¿1300?–¿1355?). Iluminador de manuscritos francés. No se tiene mayores antecedentes de su vida, sin embargo, su gran taller dominó la pintura parisina a comienzos del s. XIV, tiempo en que disfrutaba del mecenazgo de la corte, y obtenía altos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pucelle — Jean Pucelle: Belleville Stundenbuch, französische Nationalbibliothek Paris Jean Pucelle (* um 1300; † um 1334) war ein französischer Maler und Illuminator. Genauer fassbar wird er aufgrund seiner Buchmalereien ab 1320 bis zu seinem Tod. Als sein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean Pucelle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pucelle. Jean Pucelle et atelier, Bréviaire de Belleville (c.1323 1326), David devant …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Pucelle — Página ilustrada por Jean Pucelle, Breviario de Belleville, escena de David ante Saúl, año 1323 1326, pergamino, 24 × 17 cm, Biblioteca Nacional de Francia. Jean Pucelle (h. 1300 1355) fue un miniaturista de …   Wikipedia Español

  • jean — jeaned, adj. /jeen/ or, for 1, Brit. formerly /jayn/, n. 1. Sometimes, jeans. a sturdy twilled fabric, usually of cotton. 2. jeans, (used with a pl. v.) a. See blue jeans. b. pants of various fabrics, styled or constructed like blue jeans. Cf.… …   Universalium

  • Jean — Fr. /zhahonn/ for 1, 2; /jeen/ for 3, n. 1. born 1921, Grand Duke of Luxembourg since 1964. 2. a male given name, form of John. 3. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Jean François Gravelet Jean Boulogne Jean Baptiste Poquelin… …   Universalium

  • jean — altjean o yin/alt (voz inglesa) ► masculino Pantalón de tela muy resistente, generlamente de color, con costuras vistas. También jeans o yins para referirse a una sola prenda. * * * (as used in expressions) Agassiz, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • PUCELLE (J.) — Ce n’est qu’à la fin du XIXe siècle que l’on a été en mesure de reconnaître l’importance du rôle joué par Pucelle dans l’évolution et le renouvellement de l’enluminure, et plus largement de l’art pictural français à partir du deuxième quart du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jean Pucelle (Maler) — Jean Pucelle: Belleville Stundenbuch, französische Nationalbibliothek Paris Jean Pucelle (* um 1300; † um 1334) war ein französischer Maler und Illuminator. Genauer fassbar wird er aufgrund seiner Buchmalereien ab 1320 bis zu seinem Tod. Als sein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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